Australian breweries have regularly found success at past World Beer Cups, including the last two years running by fledgling Bucketty’s from Sydney’s Northern Beaches (pictured above). With registrations for next year’s event opening in November, the Brewers Association’s American Craft Beer Ambassador for Europe Lotte Peplow lifts the veil on the largest and most competitive beer competition in the world and chats with Firestone Walker’s Matt Brynildson and Deschutes’ Amanda Benson about its enduring regard within the industry.

There are many international beer competitions but none so big as the World Beer Cup (WBC), organised by the Brewers Association – the not-for-profit trade association representing small and independent American craft breweries, which this year attracted 10,213 entries from 2,376 breweries and 51 countries. Established in 1996 and now held annually, it’s the largest and most competitive beer competition in the world. A panel of 272 judges from 26 countries evaluated entries over 18 sessions and nine days with the third and final phase taking place in Nashville, TN alongside the Craft Brewers Conference and BrewExpo America.

Having recently judged my first World Beer Cup I was blown away by the integrity of the competition, the efficiency of the operation and the professionalism of my fellow judges. Co-ordinating more than 10,000 entries is a major logistical and organisational challenge but the Brewers Association, with new competition director Chris Williams competently at the helm, pulled it off with aplomb. Here’s how it’s done…


The behind-the-scenes operation is a well-oiled machine that runs like clockwork thanks to an army of highly efficient volunteers (175 in total) from the local beer enthusiast community, with the exception of those from local breweries in case integrity is compromised. Each judging table is assigned a table captain and two stewards who appear like magic exactly when the next samples are needed. They’re responsible for pouring the beer into tasting cups, labelling them correctly, delivering to the judges’ tables at the appropriate time and returning the entry summary sheets to the organisers. They check and re-check entries to ensure correct representation. 


The attention to detail is an impressive hallmark of the competition. Judging is 100% blind and a beer that makes it through multiple rounds is never given the same entry number twice to maintain anonymity. Judges are advised to wash clothes in unscented washing powder ahead of arrival and use neutral soap, hand-wash, deodorant etc. In fact, judges should smell of nothing. Phones are banned at the judging table and advice is even given regarding media requests and how to handle them. More delicate beer styles that might degrade rapidly are judged first during phase 1 and 2 of the competition in Colorado in April to ensure overseas entries are not disadvantaged.

The judging process

The World Beer Cup is judged according to the Brewers Association Style Guidelines, of which every judge has a copy. These are beer style descriptions and reference points for brewers and competition organisers. Over the course of each session (one per morning and afternoon) each judge may taste three different flights of up to 11 or 12 beers per flight. The best three beers from each flight are pushed forward to the next round. Detailed feedback is given by every judge for all first-round beers as well as an indication of a beer’s relative strength in the flight. After the competition all forms are sent to entrants with the judges’ feedback giving valuable insights for improvement. For many brewers this feedback is a key reason for entering the WBC, regardless of whether their beer wins or not.

Amanda Benson, sensory analyst at Deschutes Brewery from Bend, OR, who judged this year’s World Beer Cup says: “Winning is important – we like to win medals, but it’s not the whole thing, it’s also about the feedback. We enter the competition because we know we get the feedback before the next one so we can make tweaks to either the beer or the category before we enter.”   

Depending on the size of the category a successful beer may go through many rounds until it reaches the final. American IPA was the biggest category in this year’s WBC with 412 entries and the winning beer underwent five rounds of judging before being awarded gold.


The judges themselves are hugely impressive. They comprise internationally recognised brewers, sensory analysts, beer sommeliers and brewing consultants from all over the world. All are experts in their fields, some have judged many World Beer Cups before while others are first time judges. Approximately 12 to 15% of new judges are introduced every year to keep the panel fresh and introduce new perspectives. Being selected as a World Beer Cup judge is a feat in itself. Potential judges apply online and require three references testifying to their sensory abilities, overall knowledge of beer and beer styles and general demeanour. They may wait at least three years to be considered, such is the interest in gaining a coveted place on the judging panel. Chris Williams hand picks the final list of judges ensuring no brewer who has entered beers into the competition judges his/her beer.  This year 105 of the 272 judges came from outside the USA. At times, the room was completely silent as judges concentrated on analysing and evaluating the beers in front of them. Robust discussion only takes place once all judges at the table have completed their evaluation and is led by a designated lead judge. 

Long-time World Beer Cup judge Matt Brynildson (pictured), brewmaster of Firestone Walker Brewing Co, in Paso Robles, CA, explains why winning at World Beer Cup is important: “Winning has a huge impact internally and it’s a big morale booster. It gives us a lot of street cred within the brewing industry and the feedback is really important. Entering beers into competitions is the one time of year when you pay a little more attention to that batch, and you go through your recipe in more detail. A little friendly competition goes a long way to bolster quality in any organisation.

“I judge WBC for a couple of reasons, first there’s so many international brewers and judges it’s a great networking opportunity and I particularly enjoy talking to brewing idols like Frank Boon. Secondly, I take inspiration from the beers I judge. Typically, I ask for styles that are outside my comfort zone because I find there’s no better way to get to know a style than by tasting some of the best representations on the table and fully understanding the beer style by tasting them with other judges who know the style. Many times I’ve sat at the judging table and thought ‘wow, I really need to make that’. Every single one of my judging experiences leads to some kind of new beer or attempt at a new beer.”


Winners were announced at an awards ceremony on the final night of Craft Brewers Conference. The 2023 WBC awarded gold, silver and bronze medals to 307 winners from 103 categories covering 176 different beer styles.

Australia’s only win in 2023 went to Brookvale’s Bucketty’s Brewing for their Sunday Bitter which won a silver medal in the English Mild or Bitter category. Founded two and a half years ago by husband and wife team Nick and Lexi McDonald, Bucketty’s had also found WBC success the year prior when their Pale Ale No.2 won bronze in the session beer category.

In the wake of that breakout win in 2022, Bucketty’s head brewer Tony D’Astolfo told Beer & Brewer just what WBC success meant to him: “I was trying to impress (what the weight of a WBC medal holds) on some of the folks around here, because this is a mid-life crisis career change kind of thing for me. I’m just trying to impress on them how extraordinary for us to do this is. It’s just phenomenal.”

Bucketty’s success continued a rich run for Australian breweries at the competition with Lion’s James Squire chief among them with four golds won between 2008 and 2018 for separate beers while the likes of Stone & Wood, Nail Brewing, BentSpoke and Urban Alley have all won medals.

Next year’s World Beer Cup and Craft Brewers Conference is being held in Las Vegas April 21 – 24. Registrations open in November and you can get more information here.

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Lotte Peplow

Lotte Peplow is a Certified Cicerone, accredited Beer Sommelier, international beer judge and beer writer who conducts talks and tastings about American craft beer, organises events and is a keen advocate...

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